4. Use of Information
4.1 Engage (e.g., read, hear, view, touch)
4.2 Extract relevant information
o What information do I expect to find in this source?
o What information from the source is useful?
The "Big6™" is copyright © (1987) Michael B. Eisenberg and Robert E. Berkowitz. For more information, visit: www.big6.com
Handout created by: Barbara J. Shoemaker, School Media Specialist, Mill Road Elementary, K-2 Red Hook Central School District, Red Hook, NY
Note Taking FAQs
What should I take notes on?
* Look for “F.I.R.E.S.” that are relevant to your research topic/question:
- Facts, Incidents, Reasons, Examples, Statistics
How should I take notes?
* Whether you are taking notes by hand or digitally, never just copy and paste!
* These three ways of incorporating other writers' work into your own writing differ according to the closeness of your writing to the source writing.
- Quotations must be identical to the original, using a narrow segment of the source. They must match the source document word for word, are indicated by quotation marks, and must be attributed to the original author.
- Paraphrasing involves putting a passage from source material into your own words. A paraphrase must also be attributed to the original source. Paraphrased material is usually shorter than the original passage.
- Summarizing involves putting the main idea(s) into your own words, including only the main point(s). Once again, it is necessary to attribute summarized ideas to the original source. Summaries are significantly shorter than the original and take a broad overview of the source material.
Which citation style should I use?
* Always check with your instructor
* As a general rule:
- English/Humanities: use MLA (Modern Language Association)
(In-text citations + Works Cited page)
- Sciences: use APA (American Psychological Association)
(In-text citations with date + References page)
(End Notes + Bibliography page)
1. copying and pasting without citing sources, using quotation marks, or paraphrasing
2. self-plagiarism - reusing work you have previously written and turned in
3. creating fake citations
4. substituting synonyms for words in a passage that has been copied and pasted
5. paraphrasing multiple passages from multiple sources
Check out this video from Bainbridge State College (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2q0NlWcTq1Y):
When you use information from other sources in your project, you need to give proper credit to those sources. CPHS students are asked to use MLA or APA style documentation.
You have two basic responsibilities:
1. In-Text Citations
Give the author (if there is one) or title (if no author is given) of the source in parentheses right after the information that comes from that source.
2. Works Cited page
List all the sources you used in your project. Entries must follow MLA or APA style (use a citation engine like BIBME or CITATION MACHINE or EASYBIB to format the entries), and the entire list should be in alphabetical order.
Resources found in databases generally include a SOURCE CITATION. Look for the "cite source" button, or look at the end of the article to find the source citation. Once you find it, all you need to do is copy and paste that SOURCE CITATION into your Works Cited page. Be sure to choose the citation style that your teacher requires (APA or MLA).
Online citation generators like BIBME or CITATION MACHINE or EASYBIB can also help you create a SOURCE CITATION. You can simply plug in the ISBN number from the back of a book you are using or the URL/WEB ADDRESS, and a SOURCE CITATION will be generated for you. Click here to go to BIBME or CITATION MACHINE or EASYBIB:
* Note that if you sign up for an account in any of these resources, you can save your work.