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CPHS_Welcome: 4. Use Information


We will be using APA style for this project. Why? It doesn't really matter! You will use whatever style the person grading the paper asks you to use, so it is important that you know what is being asked of you, where to find the information you need to format correctly, and that you do it right!

Hands-down the best resource for citations and style help is Purdue University's Online Writing Lab (OWL). It's a lifesaver! 

To create citations, use the EasyBib Add-on in Google Drive:

Note Taking FAQS

Note Taking FAQs

What should I take notes on?

 Look for “F.I.R.E.S.” that are relevant to your research topic/question:

       - Facts, Incidents, Reasons, Examples, Statistics 

How should I take notes?

* Whether you are taking notes by hand or digitally, never just copy and paste! 

* These three ways of incorporating other writers' work into your own writing differ according to the closeness of your writing to the source writing.

    - Quotations  must be identical to the original, using a narrow segment of the source. They must match the source document word for word, are indicated by quotation marks, and must be attributed to the original author. 

    - Paraphrasing involves putting a passage from source material into your own words. A paraphrase must also be attributed to the original source. Paraphrased material is usually shorter than the original passage.

     Summarizing involves putting the main idea(s) into your own words, including only the main point(s). Once again, it is necessary to attribute summarized ideas to the original source. Summaries are significantly shorter than the original and take a broad overview of the source material. 


Which citation style should I use?

*  Always check with your instructor

*  As a general rule:

    - English/Humanities: use MLA (Modern Language Association)

                     (In-text citations + Works Cited page)

    - Sciences: use APA (American Psychological Association)

                     (In-text citations with date + References page)

    - Business/History: use CMS (Chicago)

                     (End Notes + Bibliography page)

APA Citation Basics from Purdue OWL

1. Click here to learn about the basics of APA in-text citation:       

2. Click here to learn about APA footnotes and endnotes:    

What Is Plagiarism?

Plagiarism is:

1. copying and pasting without citing sources, using quotation marks, or paraphrasing

2. self-plagiarism - reusing work you have previously written and turned in

3. creating fake citations

4. substituting synonyms for words in a passage that has been copied and pasted

5. paraphrasing multiple passages from multiple sources

Check out this video from Bainbridge State College (

Your Responsibility as a Researcher

When you use information from other sources in your project, you need to give proper credit to those sources.   CPHS students are asked to use MLA or APA style documentation.

You have two basic responsibilities:

1.  In-Text Citations

Give the author (if there is one) or title (if no author is given) of the source in parentheses right after the information that comes from that source.

2.  Works Cited page

List all the sources you used in your project.  Entries must follow MLA or APA style (use a citation engine like BIBME or CITATION MACHINE or EASYBIB to format the entries), and the entire list should be in alphabetical order.