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CPHS_English 12 - Annotated Bib - Citizen: 2. Use Information Seeking Strategies

Brainstorming for SEARCH terms.

Break Down Your Topic into Concepts

Databases have difficulty searching for sentences and plain language text. Search by using the most important terms in your topic. DO NOT ask "How does Rankine use multiple genres to make the point that racism exists in America?" Many of the words in this sentence would confuse a database search. By ignoring articles, pronouns, prepositions, and other unimportant words, you will be left with the key words to use in your search. Begin by crossing out the unimportant words and focusing on the key concept terms:


How does Rankine use multiple genres to make the point that racism exists in America?

When searching for articles on this topic in a database, simply use the terms:

- racism

Brainstorm for Synonyms Related to Your Concepts

Now that you've broken down your research question into the specific concepts, think about all the other words an author might use to talk about these concepts.  In other words, find synonyms or related words for each concept term/phrase.  Hint: use a thesaurus if you get stuck. 

Racism: prejudice, discrimination, bigotry

America: United States

(This information is from :


Mining Bibliographies


Here is a video from the University of Washington Libraries that talks about how to mine bibliographies when doing research. (Note that CitationLinker is referred to in the video.)

Here a link to CitationLinker from the U of M: