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CPHS_English 12 - Annotated Bib: Taking Notes

Wilson, Larson, Rieck

F.I.R.E.S. Note Taking Strategies

Note Taking FAQS

What should I take notes on?

·        Look for “FIRES” that are relevant to your research topic/question:

                           Facts, Incidents, Reasons, Examples, Statistics


How should I take notes?

·        Whether you are taking notes by hand or digitally, never just copy and paste! 

·        These three ways of incorporating other writers' work into your own writing differ according to the closeness of your writing to the source writing.

         1.  Quotations must be identical to the original, using a narrow segment of the source. They must match the source document word for word, are       indicated by quotation marks, and must be attributed to the original author. 

         2.  Paraphrasing involves putting a passage from source material into your own words. A paraphrase must also be attributed to the original source. Paraphrased material is usually shorter than the original passage.

         3. Summarizing involves putting the main idea(s) into your own words, including only the main point(s). Once again, it is necessary to attribute summarized ideas to the original source. Summaries are significantly shorter than the original and take a broad overview of the source material. 


Which citation style should I use?

·        Always check with your instructor

·        As a general rule:

        1.  English/Humanities: use MLA (Modern Language Association)

              (In-text citations + Works Cited page)

        2. Sciences: use APA (American Psychological Association)

             (In-text citations with date + References page)

        3. Business/History: use CMS (Chicago)

            (End Notes + Bibliography page)